Sneha Anil Jadhav
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Food Poisoning: Awareness & Prevention

18 January 2022

We all know the word food poisoning or someone's are facing food poisoning, but what is actually food poisoning let's see, Food poisoning is when a person gets sick from eating a bad food or drink. Common causes of food poisoning are bacteria, viruses, germs and toxins produced by these infectious insects. Often, people complain of vomiting, diarrhea, and severe abdominal pain. When people are poisoned in groups, it is usually easier to identify the cause. Generally, there is only one food that all sick people ate, and this can be analyzed to determine the cause. Foodborne illness is the most widespread public health problem in the world today.

 

Food poisoning symptoms vary with the source of contamination. Most types of food poisoning cause one or more of the following signs and symptoms:

• Nausea

• Vomiting

• Watery or bloody diarrhea

• Abdominal pain and cramps

• Fever

 

How you get food poisoning:

If food is not cooked or properly heated, if it is not stored properly - for example, it is not frozen or cold, it is left out for a long time, handled by a sick or unwashed person and eaten afterwards Use date or expiration date.

 

Types of Poisoning

The list of types of Poisoning includes:

• Food Poisoning,

• Alcohol poisoning,

• Drug poisoning,

• Carbon Monoxide poisoning,

• Heavy metal poisoning,

• Chemical poisoning

 

Salmonella, Campylobacter, and Enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli are among the foodborne pathogens that infect millions of people every year - sometimes with serious and fatal consequences. Vibrio cholera infects people with contaminated water or food. Symptoms include abdominal pain, vomiting and watery diarrhea, which can lead to severe dehydration. For some types of toxic foods, a timely diagnosis can be important. Some poisons contain certain antitoxins that will completely eliminate the toxin. Some "food poisoning" may not be due to toxins or chemicals in food but due to infectious diseases that can contaminate food. E. coli, which often occurs when eating contaminated food, but can also be spread through contaminated drinking water, contaminated swimming pools, or transmitted from child to child care center.

The 2015 WHO report on the estimates of the global burden of foodborne diseases presented the first-ever estimates of disease burden caused by 31 foodborne agents (bacteria, viruses, parasites, toxins and chemicals) at global and regional level.

A scientific review by the Food Standards Agency (FSA) estimating that around 2.4 million cases of foodborne illness occur every year in the UK has been published. This is up from the 2009 estimate of approximately one million.

 

Treatment

Treatment for food poisoning usually depends on the source of the illness, if known, and the severity of your symptoms. As an own you can do other things like allow your stomach to stabilize. Stop eating and drinking for a few hours. Avoid certain foods and substances until you feel better such as dairy products, caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, and fatty or spicy foods. If you have food poisoning, it is important that you stay hydrated properly. For most people, food poisoning is quickly resolved without treatment. For people with mild diarrhea that lasts less than 24 hours, treatment should include drinking clear liquid such as oral rehydration solutions. These solutions contain the right balance of water, salt, and sugar needed to prevent or treat dehydration. Most bacterial toxins do not require antibiotics, but some types of infections may require antibiotic treatment.

 

References:

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/food-safety

https://www.food.gov.uk/news-alerts/news/fsa-research-suggests-new-higher-estimates-for-the-role-of-food-in-uk-illness

https://www.rroij.com/open-access/food-poisoning-minireview-.php?aid=84772

https://medbroadcast.com/condition/getcondition/food-poisoning

 

 

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